The DOT physical exam is an extensive medical examination to determine if a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) driver is qualified to safely operate a commercial vehicle. The DOT physical exam is considered a "Medical Fitness for Duty" exam for the demands of the job required of any commercial driver, not just the driver's current job duties. The medical examiner's role is to determine if a CMV driver's health meets FMCSA standards.
Interstate drivers: CMV drivers who drive interstate, must get Federal medical certificates from a medical examiner who is FMCSA National Registry Certified.
Intrastate drivers: Each individual State makes the determination as to whether or not intrastate drivers must be examined by a certified ME listed on the National Registry. To avoid hassles it's our recommendation that you find a registered CME.
It should take 30-45 minutes to go through the physical examination. Provided there are no medical concerns the medical examiner will be able to certify you and issue your medical certificate.
If the medical examiner has concerns about a potential, current or past medical condition you may be required to see a specialist for additional medical tests or get documentation from your treating physician. In this case the medical examiner will not be able to complete the DOT physical exam until these requirements have been fully met.